Only three neighborhoods are located within the Downtown region of St. Louis City and the largest of those three is the Midtown neighborhood covering nearly 1.35 total square miles of land. Bordered by Grand Center at the north, Botanical Heights and the Gate towards the south, Downtown West at the east and Central West End at the area’s western region, Midtown’s population, at the time of the 2010 census, was recorded at 5,652 residents. It is represented by four Aldermen sitting in the sixth, 17th, 18th and 19th Wards respectively.
Most of Midtown’s neighborhood is made up of non-residential areas and encompass several commercial buildings and major historical landmarks. In fact, Midtown has earned the nickname of the “Geographical Center” within the City of St. Louis. In 1979, Midtown’s Historic District was placed on the National Register of Historic Places. The area of Midtown has unique American history within its area as containing the only American Civil War battle to take place in St. Louis occurred in 1861.
After the fall of the American Civil War four years later in 1865, smaller residential pockets and a bustling commercial development occurred within current-day Midtown’s region as St. Louis expanded western territories during the 1870s. In the 1920s, many compared the lively district of Midtown to Time Square in New York City!
Several of Midtown’s most eclectic buildings were constructed during the mid-1870s to the later portion of the 1930s and were designed by popular midwestern architects such as Brad Cloepfil, Henry Hobson Richardson, William Ittner and the Eames & Young firm.
Residents of Midtown are served by the St. Louis Public School District